Tuesday, April 17, 2007

Competing narratives and critiques of the wars in Yugoslavia

I want to thank Sami S. Siddiq for putting together a list of the many works that have been written recently on the breakup of Yugoslavia. I post it here for the interest of anyone wanting to study these events. As Yugoslavia broke up the established and conventional means of social control broke down. In the process people began to see events in the light of abuses (or at least putative abuses) that had taken place in the past. Fear of what was taking place, and anger at what had been done to folks whom individuals identified with fostered the malice that became "ethnic cleansing," often in the name of patriotism or religious devotion. Such events invite us to decipher now people in various positions can misunderstand and misrepresent each other, with huge costs.

Competing narratives and critiques of NATO’s war in Yugoslavia
A select bibliography (compiled by Sami S. Siddiq for Professor Robert L. Canfield).
Agüera, Martin. “Air Power Paradox: NATO’s ‘Misuse’ of Military Force in Kosovo and its Consequences.” Small Wars and Insurgencies 12.3 (2001): 115-135.
Alexander, Klinton W. “NATO’s Intervention in Kosovo: The Legal Case for Violating Yugoslavia’s National Sovereignty in the Absence of Security Council Approval.” Houston Journal of International Law 22.3 (2000): 403-449.
Ali, Tariq, ed. Masters of the Universe? NATO’s Balkan Crusade. London: Verso, 2000.
Allin, Dana H. NATO’s Balkan Interventions. London: Oxford University Press/The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2002.
Antonenko, Oksana. “Russia, NATO and European security after Kosovo.” Survival 41.4 (1999): 124-144.
Auerswald, David P. “Explaining Wars of Choice: An Integrated Decision Model of NATO Policy in Kosovo.” International Studies Quarterly 48.3 (2004): 631-662.
Badsey, Stephen, and Paul C. Latawski. Britain, NATO, and the Lessons of the Balkan Conflicts, 1991-1999. London: Frank Cass, 2004.
Bax, Mart. “Planned Policy or Primitive Balkanism? A Local Contribution to the Ethnography of the War in Bosnia-Herzegovina.” Ethnos 65.3 (2000): 317-340.
Bax, Mart. “Warlords, priests and the politics of ethnic cleansing: a case-study from rural Bosnia Hercegovina.” Ethnic and Racial Studies 23.1 (2000): 16-36.
Bellamy, Alex J. Kosovo and International Society. Houndmills: Palgrave, 2002.
Bellamy, Alex J. “Kosovo: After the War, the War of Words.” The International Journal of Human Rights 5.3 (2001): 97-110.
Bellamy, Alex J. “Unravelling Balkan Dilemmas?” International Peacekeeping 9.3 (2002): 143-148.
Bennett, Christopher. Yugoslavia’s Bloody Collapse: Causes, Course and Consequences. New York: New York University Press, 1995.
Boose, Lynda E. “Crossing the River Drina: Bosnian Rape Camps, Turkish Impalement, and Serb Cultural Memory.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 28.1 (2002): 71-96.
Borinski, Philipp. “NATO towards Double Enlargement: The Case of the Balkans.” Journal of European Integration 24.2 (2002): 113-136.
Bugajski, Janusz. “Balkan in Dependence?” The Washington Quarterly 23.4 (2000): 177-192.
Campbell, David. National Deconstruction: Violence, Identity, and Justice in Bosnia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1998.
Carpenter, Ted Galen. NATO’s Empty Victory: A Postmortem on the Balkan War. Washington: Cato Institute, 2000.
Catalinotto, John, and Sara Flounders. Hidden Agenda: U.S./NATO Takeover of Yugoslavia. New York: International Action Center, 2002.
Chossudovsky, Michel. “Dismantling former Yugoslavia, recolonising Bosnia.” Development in Practice 7.4 (1997): 375-383.
Coates, Ken. Collateral Damage or Unlawful Killings? Nottingham: Bertrand Russell Peace Foundation, 2000.
Cockburn, Alexander, and Jeffrey St. Clair. Imperial Crusades: Iraq, Afghanistan and Yugoslavia: A Diary of Three Wars. London: Verso, 2004.
Cohn, Marjorie. ”Nato Bombing of Kosovo: Humanitarian Intervention or Crime against Humanity?” International Journal for the Semiotics of Law 15.1 (2002): 79-106.
Coles, Kimberley A. “Ambivalent Builders: Europeanization, the Production of Difference, and Internationals in Bosnia-Herzegovina.” PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review 25.1 (2002): 1-18.
Conversi, Daniele. “Demo-skepticism and Genocide.” Political Studies Review 4.3 (2006): 247-262.
Cushman, Thomas. “Anthropology and Genocide in the Balkans: An Analysis of Conceptual Practices of Power.” Anthropological Theory 4.1 (2004): 5-28.
Daalder, Ivo H. “Emerging Answers: Kosovo, NATO & the Use of Force.” Brookings Review 17.3 (1999): 22-25.
Daalder, Ivo H., and Michael E. O’Hanlon. Winning Ugly: NATO’s War to Save Kosovo. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2000.
Danilov, Dimitri A. “Implications of the NATO Attack against Yugoslavia for European Security and Russian-Western Relations.” Mediterranean Quarterly 10.3 (1999): 51-69.
de Bens, Els, Laurence Hauttekeete, and Heidi Lagast Ghent. “Disinformation in Coverage of the Kosovo War in the Flemish Daily Press.” Journalism Studies 3.2 (2002): 241-256.
Dekker, Ige F., and Eric P.J. Myjer. “Air Strikes on Bosnian Positions: Is NATO Also Legally the Proper Instrument of the UN?” Leiden Journal of International Law (1996), 9: 411-416
Denich, Bette. “Debate or defamation? Comment on the publication of Cushman’s ‘Anthropology and Genocide in the Balkans’.” Anthropological Theory 5.4 (2005): 555-558.
Denich, Bette. “Dismembering Yugoslavia: Nationalist Ideologies and the Symbolic Revival of Genocide.” American Ethnologist 21.2 (1994): 367-390.
Denich, Bette. “Unmaking Multi-Ethnicity in Yugoslavia: Metamorphosis Observed.” The Anthropology of East Europe Review 11.1/2 (1993): 43-54.
Devic, Ana. “Ethnonationalism, Politics, and the Intellectuals: The Case of Yugoslavia.” International Journal of Politics, Culture, and Society 11.3 (1998): 375-409.
Dimitrova, Anelia K. “Nightmares in the Nightly News: CNN Covers Atrocities in Kosovo.” East European Quarterly 35.1 (2001): 1-46.
Domagala, Arkadiusz. Humanitarian Intervention: The Utopia of Just War? The NATO Intervention in Kosovo and the Restraints of Humanitarian Intervention. (SEI Working Papers, no. 76). Brighton: Sussex European Institute, 2004.
Eatwell, Roger. “Explaining Fascism and Ethnic Cleansing: The Three Dimensions of Charisma and the Four Dark Sides of Nationalism.” Political Studies Review 4.3 (2006): 263-278.
Eko, Lyombe. ”Bombs and bombast in the NATO/Yugoslav War of 1999: The attack on Radio Television Serbia and the laws of war.” Communications and the Law 24.3 (2002): 1-45.
Elich, Gregory. Rev. of Masters of the Universe?: NATO’s Balkan Crusade, by Tariq Ali, ed. Science & Society 66.2 (2002): 291-294.
Falk, Richard A. “Kosovo, World Order, and the Future of International Law.” The American Journal of International Law 93.4 (1999): 847-857.
Fotopoulos, Takis. “New World Order and NATO’s War against Yugoslavia.” New Political Science 24.1 (2002): 73-104.
Gentry, John A. “Norms and Military Power: NATO’s War against Yugoslavia.” Security Studies 15.2 (2006): 187-224.
Gowan, Peter. “The NATO Powers and the Balkan Tragedy.” New Left Review I/234 (1999): 83-105.
Gobarev, Victor M. “Kosovo Aftermath: Russia-NATO Relations after the Kosovo Crisis: Strategic Implications.” Journal of Slavic Military Studies 12.3 (1999): 1-17.
Grigorian, Arman. “Third-party intervention and escalation in Kosovo: Does moral hazard explain it?” Ethnopolitics 4.2 (2005): 195-213.
Ham, Peter van, and Sergei Medvedev, eds. Mapping European Security after Kosovo. New York: Palgrave/Manchester University Press, 2002.
Hayden, Robert M. “Inaccurate data, spurious issues and editorial failure in Cushman’s ‘Anthropology and Genocide in the Balkans.’” Anthropological Theory 5.4 (2005): 545-554.
Hayden, Robert M. “Moral Vision and Impaired Insight.” Current Anthropology 48 (2007): 105-131.
Hayden, Robert M. “Moralizing about Scholarship about Yugoslavia.” East European Politics & Societies 21.1 (2007): 182-193.
Hayden, Robert M. “The Triumph of Chauvinistic Nationalism in Yugoslavia: Bleak Implications for Anthropology.” The Anthropology of East Europe Review 11.1/2 (1993): 63-69.
Headley, Jim. ”Sarajevo, February 1994: the first Russia-NATO crisis of the post-Cold War era.” Review of International Studies 29.2 (2003): 209-227.
Hehir, Aidan. “The Impact of Analogical Reasoning on US Foreign Policy towards Kosovo.” Journal of Peace Research 43.1 (2006): 67-81.
Herman, Edward S. “The Approved Narrative of the Srebrenica Massacre.” International Journal for the Semiotics of Law 19.4 (2006): 409-434.
Hoare, Marko Atilla. “Genocide in the former Yugoslavia: a critique of left revisionism’s denial.” Journal of Genocide Research 5.4 (2003): 543-563.
Hodge, Carl Cavanagh. “Casual War: NATO’s Intervention in Kosovo.” Ethics & International Affairs 14.1 (2000): 39-54.
Hodge, Carl Cavanagh. “Woodrow Wilson in Our Time: NATO’s Goals in Kosovo.” Parameters 31.1 (2001): 125-35.
Hyde-Price, Adrian. “Germany and the Kosovo war: still a civilian power?” German Politics 10.1 (2001): 19-34.
Ignatieff, Michael. Virtual War: Kosovo and Beyond. New York: Henry Holt, 2000.
Janos, Andrew C. “From Eastern Empire to Western Hegemony: East Central Europe under Two International Regimes.” East European Politics and Societies 15.2 (2000): 221-249.
Johnstone, Diana. Fools’ Crusade: Yugoslavia, NATO, and Western Delusions. New York: Monthly Review Press, 2002.
Jokić, Aleksandar. Lessons of Kosovo: The Dangers of Humanitarian Intervention. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview Press, 2003.
Joksimovich, Vojin. “Militarism and Ecology: NATO Ecocide in Serbia.” Mediterranean Quarterly 11.4 (2000): 140-160.
Jones, Francis R. “Ethics, Aesthetics and Décision: Literary Translating in the Wars of the Yugoslav Succession.” Meta 49.4 (2004): 711-728.
Kapferer, Bruce. “In positions to do great damage: A comment on the Cushman, Denich, Hayden and Wilson debate.” Anthropological Theory 5.4 (2005): 577-581.
Kay, Sean. “After Kosovo: NATO’s Credibility Dilemma.” Security Dialogue 31.1 (2000): 71-84.
Kay, Sean. “Nato, the Kosovo war and neoliberal theory.” Contemporary Security Policy 25.2 (2004): 252-279.
Kideckel, David A. “The ‘Tar Baby’ revisited: War in Former Yugoslavia and anthropological discourses and responsibilities.” Anthropological Theory 5.4 (2005): 571-575.
Kozol, Wendy. “Domesticating NATO’s War in Kosovo/a: (In)Visible Bodies and the Dilemma of Photojournalism.” Meridians: feminism, race, transnationalism 4.2 (2004): 1-38.
Kritsiotis, Dino. “The Kosovo Crisis and Nato’s Application of Armed Force against the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.” The International and Comparative Law Quarterly 49.2 (2000): 330-359.
Layne, Christopher. Blunder in the Balkans: The Clinton Administration’s Bungled War against Serbia. (Policy Analysis, no. 345.) Washington: CATO Institute, 1999.
Magaš, Branka. The Destruction of Yugoslavia: Tracking the Break-Up 1980-92. London: New York, 1993.
Mandelbaum, Michael. “A Perfect Failure: NATO’s War against Yugoslavia.” Foreign Affairs 78.5 (1999): 2-8.
Mccgwire, Michael. “Why did We Bomb Belgrade?” International Affairs 76.1 (2000): 1-23.
Milinkovic, Branislav. “The Kosovo crisis: What about the OSCE’s credibility?” Helsinki Monitor 10.3 (1999): 15-17.
Morus, Christina M. “Slobo the Redeemer: The Rhetoric of Slobodan Milosevic and the Construction of the Serbian ‘People’.” Southern Communication Journal 72.1 (2007): 1-19.
Mueller, John. “The Banality of ‘Ethnic War’.” International Security 25.1 (2000): 42-70.
Murphy, Sean D. “NATO Air Campaign against Serbia and the Laws of War.” The American Journal of International Law 94.4 (2000): 690-692.
Norris, John. Collision Course: NATO, Russia, and Kosovo. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005.
Owen, John M. “Transnational Liberalism and U.S. Primacy.” International Security 26.3 (2002): 117-152.
O’Loughlin, John, and Vladimir Kolossov. “Still not worth the bones of a single Pomeranian grenadier: The geopolitics of the Kosovo war 1999.” Political Geography 21.5 (2002): 573-599.
Ottaway, Marina, and Bethany Lacina. “International Interventions and Imperialism: Lessons from the 1990s.” SAIS Review 23.2 (2003): 71-92.
Papasotiriou, Harry. “The Kosovo War: Kosovar Insurrection, Serbian Retribution and NATO Intervention.” Journal of Strategic Studies 25.1 (2002): 39-62.
Parenti, Michael. Rev. of Slobodan Milosevic and the Destruction of Yugoslavia, by Louis Sell. Mediterranean Quarterly 13.4 (2002): 116-122.
Parenti, Michael. To Kill a Nation: The Attack on Yugoslavia. London: Verso, 2000.
Pugh, Michael. “Rubbing Salt into War Wounds: Shadow Economies and Peacebuilding in Bosnia and Kosovo.” Problems of Post-Communism 51.3 (2004): 53-60.
Ramadanovic, Petar. “When Bombs Fall: Becoming American During the NATO Bombing of Yugoslavia (excerpts).” Discourse 25.1/2 (2003): 272–293.
Ramet, Sabrina P. Thinking about Yugoslavia: Scholarly Debates about the Yugoslav Breakup and the Wars in Bosnia and Kosovo. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005.
Schnabel, Albrecht, and Ramesh Chandra Thakur, eds. Kosovo and the Challenge of Humanitarian Intervention: Selective Indignation, Collective Action, and International Citizenship. Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2000.
Schrijver, Nico. “NATO in Kosovo: Humanitarian Intervention Turns into Von Clausewitz War.” International Law FORUM du droit international 1.3 (1999): 155-159.
Schulman, Jason. “The NATO–Serbia War and the Left.” Science & Society 67.2 (2003): 223-225
Sell, Louis. Slobodan Milosevic and the Destruction of Yugoslavia. Durham: Duke University Press, 2002.
Shank, Gregory. “Not a Just War, Just a War – NATO’s Humanitarian Bombing Mission.” Social Justice 26.1 (1999): 4-48.
Shannon, Vaughn P. “Judge and Executioner: The politics of responding to ethnic cleansing in the Balkans.” Journal of Genocide Research 7.1 (2005): 47-66.
Siani-Davies, Peter. International Intervention in the Balkans since 1995. London: Routledge, 2003.
Sorabji, Cornelia. “Ethnic War in Bosnia?” Radical Philosophy 63 (1993): 33-35.
Sörensen, Jens Stilhoff. “Balkanism and the New Radical Interventionism: A Structural Critique.” International Peacekeeping 9.1 (2002): 1-22.
Sterling-Folker, Jennifer, ed. Making Sense of International Relations Theory. Boulder: Lynne Rienner, 2006.
Stokes, Gale, John Lampe, Dennison Rusinow, and Julie Mostov. “Instant History: Understanding the Wars of Yugoslav Succession.” Slavic Review 55.1 (1996): 136-160.
Stromberg, Joseph R. “Sovereignty, International Law, and the Triumph of Anglo-American Cunning.” Journal of Libertarian Studies 18.4 (2004): 29-93.
Thussu, Daya Kishan. “Legitimizing ‘Humanitarian Intervention’? CNN, NATO and the Kosovo Crisis.” European Journal of Communication 15.3 (2000): 345-362.
Tziampiris, Aristotle. “Kosovo’s Future Sovereignty: A Role for the European Union.” Southeast European and Black Sea Studies 5.2 (2005): 285-299.
Veremēs, Thanos. Action without Foresight: Western Involvement in Yugoslavia. Athens: Hellenic Foundation for European and Foreign Policy, 2002.
Volčič, Zala. “Blaming the Media: Serbian Narratives of National(ist) Identity.” Continuum: Journal of Media & Cultural Studies 20.3 (2006): 313-330.
Vujacic, Veljko. “Perceptions of the State in Russia and Serbia: The Role of Ideas in the Soviet and Yugoslav Collapse.” Post-Soviet Affairs 20.2 (2004): 164-194.
Wallander, Celeste A. “Institutional Assets and Adaptability: NATO after the Cold War.” International Organization 54.4 (2000): 705-735.
Wedgwood, Ruth. “NATO’s Campaign in Yugoslavia.” The American Journal of International Law 93.4 (1999): 828-834.
Woodward, Susan L. Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution after the Cold War. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1995.
Yang, Jin. “Framing the NATO Air Strikes on Kosovo across Countries: Comparison of Chinese and US Newspaper Coverage.” International Communication Gazette 65.3 (2003): 231-249.
Zimmerman, Warren. Origins of a Catastrophe: Yugoslavia and Its Destroyers – America’s Last Ambassador Tells What Happened and Why. New York: Times Books, 1996.
Zimmermann, Warren. “The Last Ambassador: A Memoir of the Collapse of Yugoslavia.” Foreign Affairs 74.2 (1995): 2-20.

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